مرض السكري وانتشار مقدمات السكري ارتفاع في الصين

تفاصيل دراسة استقصائية كبيرة من البالغين الصينيين, نشرت من قبل جمعة, وتبين أن معدل الانتشار الإجمالي المقدر من مرض السكري ومقدمات السكري هو ارتفاع، وأن الصين لديها الآن في العالم أكبر وباء السكري.

Chinese Diabetes Epidemic Statistics

A large, nationally representative survey in 2013 of adults in China finds that the estimated overall prevalence of diabetes was about 11 percent and that of prediabetes was nearly 36 في المائة, according to a study published by JAMA.

Previous studies have shown increasing prevalence of diabetes in China, which now has the world’s largest diabetes epidemic.

To provide more recent estimates of the prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes, Linhong Wang, درجة الدكتوراه, of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, بكين, and Yonghua Hu, دكتوراه في الطب, من جامعة بكين, بكين, and colleagues analyzed data from a nationally representative survey conducted in 2013 in mainland China, which included 170,287 المشاركون.

Fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels were measured for all participants. Diabetes and prediabetes were defined according to the 2010 American Diabetes Association criteria.

ومن بين النتائج:

  • The estimated prevalence of total diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes was 10.9 في المائة; that of diagnosed diabetes, 4 في المائة; and that of prediabetes, 35.7 في المائة.
  • Among persons with diabetes, 36.5 percent were aware of their diagnosis and 32.2 percent were treated; 49.2 percent of patients treated had adequate glycemic control.
  • Tibetan and Muslim Chinese had significantly lower prevalence of diabetes than Han participants (14.7 percent for Han, 4.3 percent for Tibetan, و 10.6 percent for Muslim).

The authors write that the prevalence of diabetes of 10.9 percent was only slightly lower than the prevalence of total diabetes in the U.S. تعداد السكان (12-14 في المائة) في 2011-2012.

The estimated prevalence of prediabetes in China (35.7 في المائة) was similar to the U.S. (36.5 في المئة في 2011-2012).

عموما, 47 percent of the Chinese adult population was estimated to have either diabetes or prediabetes, slightly lower than the 49 في المئة الى 52 percent estimate in the U.S. تعداد السكان.

With approximately 1.09 billion adults in total in mainland China, it is projected that 388.1 million Chinese adults (200.4 ملايين الرجال و 187.7 million women) may have had prediabetes in 2013.

The authors note that differences from previous higher prevalence estimates for 2010 may be due to an alternate method of measuring hemoglobin A1c.

A limitation of the study was that the researchers did not distinguish between type 1 و 2 مرض السكري.

المصدر: مجلات شبكة JAMA; دوي:10.1001/jama.2017.7596
دفتر اليومية: جامع

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