This area features news, research, clinical trials and information about the pancreas. The pancreas is a gland behind your stomach and in front of your spine. It produces juices that help break down food and hormones that help control blood sugar levels. The pancreas also plays a role in diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body’s immune system has attacked them. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals.